Introduction – World Duchenne Day is celebrated every year on September 7 to spread awareness for common people that are living with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. The main aim of this international day is to inform people about the symptoms of causes of Duchenne muscular dystrophy across the world.
About Duchenne – Duchenne muscular dystrophy is one of the genetic disorders that is characterized by the progressive loss of muscle. It is also a multi-systemic condition that affects several parts of the body and results in the deterioration of the heart, skeletal, and lung muscles. The main cause of Duchenne is a change in the dystrophin gene. It is important to note that muscles are not capable to repair or function properly without dystrophin. Becker muscular dystrophy is less severe than Duchenne that occurs when dystrophin is manufactured but not in the normal form.
Due to the dystrophin gene present on the X-chromosome, it mainly affects the males whereas females are typically carriers. But several females may apparent varying ranges of physical symptoms of Duchene are called as manifesting carriers.
Causes of Duchenne – It is caused by a mutation in the dystrophin gene. Dystrophin is a protein which is necessary for the proper functioning of our muscles in the body. Muscles are not capable to work or repair properly without dystrophin in the human body. Duchenne may pass from parents to a baby or it can be the effect of random impulsive genetic changes that can occur during any pregnancy.