Introduction – National Epilepsy Day is celebrated annually on November 17 to spread awareness about epilepsy. Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of the brain that is characterized by recurrent fits or seizures. The seizures occur due to a result of sudden excessive electrical discharges in the brain cells. It can affect people at any age group, which has unique concerns and problems.
As per World Health Organization (WHO), there is about 50 million people are suffering from epilepsy all around the world in which 80 percent of people are living in developing countries. Epilepsy is curable but three-fourth of affected people do not receive the essential treatment in developing countries. There are around 10 million people are suffering from seizures that are related to epilepsy in India.
Causes of Epilepsy – There are several causes of epilepsy are given below –
- Brain infections
- During childhood prolonged high fever
- Brain tumors and stroke
- Congenital abnormalities
- Brain damage due to a prenatal injury.
Symptoms of Epilepsy – There are several symptoms of epilepsy are given below –
- Loss of consciousness
- Sudden twitching
- Stiffness in muscles of legs or face or arms
- Tingling sensation
Most of the cases of epilepsy are treatable with some medications. If you are suffering from epilepsy then you should start the treatment as soon as possible when it is diagnosed and prevent deterioration of this condition in the future.
Several tips for epileptic patients – There are some of the tips for epileptic patients are discussed below –
- Avoid alcohol as it provokes seizures
- Do not stop the medicine without consultation with your doctor.
- Should take the epilepsy medicines daily as per consultation with your doctor.