World Pneumonia Day– World Pneumonia Day is observed annually on November 12 to spread awareness about pneumonia among people all around the world. Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection that is commonly caused by bacteria or viruses. It is a very dangerous infectious disease in which about 2.5 million people including 6,72,000 children are dead in the year 2019.
During the pandemic, World Pneumonia Day become important that causes increased deaths due to Covid-19 this year. There are some efforts to prevent pneumonia due to coronavirus such as social distancing, wearing a mask daily, and washing hands for 20 seconds.
First of all, understand what is pneumonia
Pneumonia – Pneumonia is an infectious disease that causes an inflammatory response in the lung but most of the pneumonia is caused by virus infections and bacterial infections. The Covid-19 virus may also affect the lungs and may cause serious inflammatory damage during the pandemic.
Causes of Pneumonia – Tuberculosis is a main cause of pneumonia especially among individuals with impaired immunity. High cases of pneumonia are reported in those people who are chain smokers or have a history of alcohol intake. There are several other causes of pneumonia are discussed below –
- Insufficient ventilation at office or home.
- Uncontrolled diabetes increases the risk of getting pneumonia.
- Poor nutritional intake especially in children.
- Presence of underlying immunocompromised conditions such as HIV.
- Those people who take immunosuppressant medicines for autoimmune disorders or organ transplants.
Symptoms of Pneumonia – There are several symptoms of pneumonia are discussed below –
- Problem in breathing
- Chest pain
- Loss of appetite
Diagnosis – Most cases of pneumonia are diagnosed through a simple chest X-ray and basic blood analysis. But few cases of this disease need a CT scan of the chest to diagnose atypical presentation or complications of pneumonia. There are several other tests such as sputum examination that are common to detect the cause of pneumonia.
Prevention – There is one effective way to prevent the occurrence of pneumonia is to follow timely vaccination. Several vaccines such as pneumococcal and influenza may be beneficial in lowering the severity of bacterial pneumonia in adult people. You should also avoid drinking alcohol, smoking, maintaining sugar levels, and avoiding overcrowding that helps in decreasing the risk of getting pneumonia.