Bladder Cancer: Symptoms, Types, Risk factors, and Prevention

Bladder Cancer – This type of cancer occurs in the tissues of the bladder that is the organ in the body, which holds urine.  It is one of the common types of cancers, which begins in the cells of the bladder. The bladder is a hollow muscular organ and is placed in the lower abdomen, which stores urine.

This type of bladder cancer may occur in the urothelial cells, which line the inside of the bladder. Urothelial cells are present in the kidneys and the tubes (ureters), which connect the kidney to the bladder. Most of the cases of bladder cancers are diagnosed in an early stage when the cancer is highly treatable

Symptoms of bladder cancer – There are some of the symptoms of bladder cancer are as given below –

  • Frequent urination
  • Blood in the urine
  • Painful urination
  • Back pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Urinary incontinence

Types of bladder cancer – There are several types of bladder cancer that occurs in people are as given below –

  • Squamous cell carcinoma – This type of bladder cancer occurs when thin flat squamous cells form in the bladder after a long-time irritation or infection in the bladder. It is linked with chronic irritation of the bladder.
  • Transitional cell carcinoma – It is the most common type of bladder cancer that occurs in the transitional cells in the inner layer of the bladder. Transitional cells are one of the cells, which change shape without damage if the tissue is stretched.
  • Adenocarcinoma – This type of bladder cancer occurs when glandular cells form in the bladder after long-time inflammation and irritation in the bladder.

Cause of bladder cancer – The exact cause of bladder cancer is not known, which occurs when abdominal cells grow and multiply rapidly, which is uncontrollable and invade other tissues.

Risk factors – There are some of the risk factors that increase the risk of bladder cancer are as given below –

  • Increase in age – The increase in age may enhance the risk of bladder cancer. Bladder cancer may occur at any age but most of the people diagnosed with bladder cancer are older than 55.
  • Smoking – Smoking cigarettes can increase the risk of bladder cancer due to its causes harmful chemicals accumulate in the urine. These harmful chemicals caused by smoking can damage the lining of the bladder that enhance the risk of bladder cancer.
  • Being male – Male people are more likely for developing bladder cancer as compared with women.
  • Earlier treatment of cancer – The previous treatment of cancer with the anti-cancer drug cyclophosphamide may enhance the risk of bladder cancer.
  • Family history – If your parent, and sibling have a history of bladder cancer that you may have a high risk of bladder cancer.

Prevention – There are some of the factors or steps to lower the risk of bladder cancer are as given below –

  • Avoid smoking – If you avoid smoking cigarettes then it lowers the risk of bladder cancer
  • Take vegetables and fruits – Vegetables and fruits may contain antioxidants so if you take a variety of vegetables and fruits then it reduces the risk of bladder cancer.
  • Drink a large amount of water – If you take daily a large amount of water then it may lower the risk of bladder cancer.

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