Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin and is also known as phylloquinone. It is essential for the normal clotting of blood and preventing hemorrhage. Vitamin K is also necessary for the normal functioning of the liver. It is also synthesized in the body by intestinal bacteria.
Sources of Vitamin K – There are several sources of vitamin K are green leafy vegetables cabbage, spinach, soybeans, and tomatoes.
Types of vitamin K – Vitamin K is categorized into two parts are as given below –
- Vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) – This type of vitamin K is obtained from leafy or green vegetables.
- Vitamin K2 (menaquinone) – This type of vitamin K is mostly obtained from cheese, eggs, synthesized by bacteria and meat.
- Vitamin K3 (menadione) – This type of vitamin K is a synthetic water-soluble form which does not occur naturally. Vitamin K3 may be converted into K2 in your liver but it is not used medically due to its ability for producing hemolytic anemia.
Benefits of Vitamin K – There are some of the benefits of vitamin K which are as discussed below –
- Healthy bones – As per research, vitamin K plays an important role in healthy bones which help in preventing fractures and osteoporosis. Vitamin K is involved in the production of proteins in bones that preventing the weakening of bones in the human body as per the study.
- Prevent heart diseases – High intake of vitamin K can lower the risk of heart disease as per the study. Vitamin K helps in the production of MGP (Matrix Gia Proteins) and is beneficial in preventing hardening or calcification of arteries in the heart that lead to heart disease as per research.
- Blood clotting – Vitamin K is beneficial in making proteins is essential for blood clotting and preventing continuous or excessive bleeding from wounds.
- Fight cancer – Cancer is one of the common or dangerous diseases in the world. Vitamin K lowers the risk of liver cancer and advanced prostate cancer as per research.
Deficiency of Vitamin K – There are some of the common symptoms of deficiency of vitamin K are as given below –
- Continuous or excessive bleeding from any wound
- Osteoporosis or Osteopenia
- Long time for a blood clot