Introduction – The International Day of Sign Languages is observed on September 23 annually to spread awareness about the usage of sign language. This day was observed on every September 23 due to World Federation of the Deaf was established on this day in the year 1951. It provides an opportunity to help those people who have impaired hearings to be less conscious of them during expressing their thoughts in sign language.
There is about 5 percent of the population of the world needs rehabilitation for their loss or inability to hear. Most of the deaf people all around the world trust or depend on sign language for communicating with their family members and friends. Sign language is the way of talk, which uses visual-manual modality for conveying a message and contains the full spectrum of a language including punctuations, lexicons, and proper grammar.
History – International Day of Sign Languages is celebrated every year on September 23 globally. This date was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on December 19, 2017, in the 72nd session to observe the establishment of the World Federation of the Deaf on September 23, 1951. Thus, the International Day of Sign Languages was first observed in the year 2018 to spread awareness about the importance and usage of sign language who have impaired hearings. The World Federation of the Deaf (WFD), a federation of 135 national associations of deaf people proposed to celebrate this day to raise awareness among people about the use of sign languages for deaf people.
Theme – According to the World Federation of the Deaf, the theme of the International Day of Sign Languages in the year 2021 is ‘’We sign for human rights’’.
Significance – International Day of Sign Languages was observed on September 23 every year to spread awareness about the usage of sign languages and recognized the importance of sign languages for those people who trust or depend on this language for talking to their friends or family members due to impaired hearing problem. The importance of sign languages for those people who uses this type of language as a primary mode of communication. As per the World Federation of the Deaf, there are about 70 million deaf people use sign language all around the world. So, the usage of sign language must be preserved at all costs.