Introduction – The Black Ribbon Day is also called European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism and is an international day that is observed on August 23 annually. It is an International Day of Remembrance for those people who are victims due to totalitarian regimes, specifically Communism, Stalinism, Fascism, and Nazism. This day symbolizes the rejection of ‘’oppression, extremism, and intolerance’’.
European Parliament designated this day in the year 2008/2009 as ‘’European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism’’ and is celebrated every year by the European Union since 2009. Canada and the United States observed this day as a Black Ribbon Day. This day remembers common people in Europe that became victims of deportations and mass executions, which were the consequences of the Fascist rule in the continent. This day aims is to preserve the memory of the victims of mass deportations and exterminations and promoting democratic values to reinforce stability and peace in Europe.
History – During the Cold War era in the 1980s, this day originated. There are several refugee communities migrated to some Western countries such as Canada, the USA, and many more marked the day to protest against the communist regime in Russia, which led to the Revolution of 1989. Markus Hess belongs to the Estonian Central Council in Canada created the name ‘’Black Ribbon Day” in which a black ribbon was used to protest.
Significance – During the totalitarian regime, world history is marred with the notorious acts, which took place. As per world history, the Nazi rule was known for its cruel rule and attempting to destroy an entire race of people due to they were inferior. There were millions of people who lost their lives during this time. Thus, this day is observed to remember them and remind how these governments brought nothing but destruction to the world. This day also promotes the rejection of fascist ideologies such as Stalinism, Nazism, and many more, which took over the world for several years.