Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid) – Vitamin B9 is also known as folic or folate acid and is a water-soluble vitamin. Folate acid is present naturally in foods whereas folic acid is the synthetic form of B9 that is found in supplements and fortified foods.
Folic acid is a water-soluble vitamin that belongs to the vitamin B-complex group. It is essential for the formation and maturation of Red Blood Cells (RBC) in the human body. You lose this vitamin when you urinate and sweat and the body cannot store this vitamin. Lack of vitamin B9 causes anemia and may increase the risk of heart disease. The deficiency of vitamin B9 may also cause birth defects due to folic acid is essential in the development of a baby’s spinal cord and brain.
Causes of vitamin B9 deficiency – There are several causes that enhance the risk of vitamin B deficiency are given below –
- Drink a large amount of alcohol
- During pregnancy
- Poor diet
- Gastrointestinal disorder including Crohn’s or coeliac disease
Symptoms of Vitamin 9 Deficiency – There are several symptoms of vitamin B9 deficiency are given below –
- Poor growth
- Loss of appetite
- Mouth sores
- Problem in concentrating
- Pale skin
- Difficulty in breathing
- Weight loss
Source of vitamin B9 – There are several sources of vitamin B9 are white beans, spinach, eggs, beans, green leafy vegetables, avocado, orange juice, meat, whole grains, and many more that helps in treating vitamin B9 deficiency.