Introduction – World Sickle Cell Awareness Day will be celebrated on June 19 every year. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness about sickle cell disease with risks and challenges associated with people all around the world. Sickle cell disease is a genetic condition and is the most common red blood cell disorder with over a million are affected all over the world. This blood disorder affects the molecule in blood cells and hemoglobin and red-blood corpuscles become sickle-shaped. These sickle-shaped cells have readily destroyed the circulation of the blood in the body that reduces the quality of blood.
There are several symptoms of sickle cell disease such as swelling in hands and feet, anemia, delay in growth and regular infections, pain, eyesight problems, and many more. During the screening process of a newborn, sickle cell disease can be detected. If any parent is suffering from sickle cell disease, then it can be diagnosed during pregnancy.
There is only one treatment of sickle cell disease is either stem cell or bone marrow transplant. The symptoms of this blood disorder can be dealt with by using antibiotics vaccinations, periodic blood transfusion, and pain killers.
History – The United Nations General Assembly recognizes sickle cell disease as a public health problem in the year 2008 and is one of the world’s foremost genetic diseases.