Ramadan – It is also known as Ramzan and is the most pious month in the history of Islam. It is the ninth month of the Islam calendar and is observed as a month of fast by Muslims across the world. There are three ashra (parts) of Ramadan called Mercy, forgiveness, and Nijat (free from the hellfire) and Ashra is an Arabic word that means 10 days. As we know Islamic months are based on the appearance of the moon. So, every Islamic month start with the appearance of a moon and ends with its disappearance. It may be 29 or 30 days and nights in every Islamic month so Ramzan is also based on 29 or 30 days with full days and nights which means 3*10 days that makes 3 Ashra of each 10 days.
Three Ashra of Ramadan – There are three ashras in the month of Ramadan are given below –
- Mercy – The first Ashra of Ramadan is known as Mercy (Rehmat) for starting 10 days. The first or starting 10 days of holy month of Ramadan represent the mercy of Almighty Allah.
- Forgiveness – The mid 10 days are known as days of forgiveness (Maghfirat) in the holy month of Ramadan. These 10 days are known as the second Ashra of Ramadan. As per Islamic belief, Allah Almighty opens the door of forgiveness for people in the second Ashra of the holy month of Ramadan. So, people confess their sins and seek forgiveness from Almighty Allah by ensuring that you did not repeat them in their life.
- Nijat (free from hellfire) – It is the third or last Ashra that holds special importance in the month of Ramadan. This Ashra allows for all the devotees to be saved from the Hellfire. In the third Ashra, people are also blessed with a night (Laila-tul-Qadr) that is better than a thousand months. Juma Alvida, the last Friday of the Holy month of Ramadan also celebrate in the third Ashra of Ramadan.