Introduction – Engineer’s Day is observed on September 15 every year in India to celebrate the birth anniversary of Bharat Ratna Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. The great contribution of Sir M. Visvesvaraya worked in the field of education and engineering. He was one of the greatest engineers that played an important role in making reservoirs, dams, and hydropower projects of modern India. Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya supervised as chief engineer in the construction of many architectural marvels including the flood protection system of Hyderabad and Krishna Raja Sagar Dam in Karnataka. Due to great work in making Krishna Raja Sagar Dam in Mysore, Sir M. Visvesvaraya was also called as the ‘’Father of Modern Mysore’’.
Sir M. Visvesvaraya was born in the year 1861 in a small village near Chikaballapur in the state of Karnataka. He was studied Bachelor of Arts at Madras University and done engineering in the branch of Civil from Pune’s College of Science. He was established the Government Engineering College and is nowadays called as Bengaluru’s University Visvesvaraya of Engineering. Sir M. Visvesvaraya was received the Bharat Ratna in the year 1955 for his outstanding contributions to economic, social projects, and industrial. Due to his great contribution, he was also graced with the British Knighthood by King George VV that put ‘’Sir’’ before his name. He was also worked as Diwan of Mysore between 1912 and 1918. On this day, the nation pays tribute to Sir M. Visvesvaraya.
History – The Indian Government announced in the year 1968 that the birth anniversary of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya is celebrated as Engineer’s Day in our country. This day is observed to honor the engineers that have contributed to the development of India.
Theme – The latest theme of Engineer’s Day in the year 2021 is ‘’Engineering for A Healthy Planet-Celebrating the UNESCO Engineering Report’’. In the year 2020, the theme was ‘’Engineers for a Self-Reliant India’’.
Significance – In the year 1903, Sir M. Visvesvaraya designed and patented automatic barrier water floodgates are also known as Block System with automatic doors, which close in the event of water overflow. Firstly, it was installed in the Khadakvasla reservoir in Pune, Maharashtra.