Dengue: Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

Dengue – It is a viral infection that is transmitted to human beings by biting infected mosquitoes. Dengue virus was spread by female mosquitoes Aedes species in human beings. The virus responsible to spread or cause dengue is known as dengue virus. Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne illness, which occurs in subtropical and tropical areas of the world.

Now mild dengue causes flu-like and high fever symptoms. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a severe form of dengue fever that may cause a sudden drop in blood pressure, bleeding, and even death. Now, millions of cases of dengue infection occur every year across the world.

Symptoms of Dengue – There are several symptoms of dengue are given below –

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Rash
  • Bone, joint, or muscle pain
  • Swollen glands

Most of the people recover from dengue within a week but in some cases, symptoms may worsen that can become life-threatening and are known as severe dengue, dengue shock syndrome, and dengue hemorrhagic fever. Severe dengue occurs when the blood vessels become leaky and damaged and the number of platelets in the blood drop. It can lead to organ failure, shock internal bleeding, and may even die.

There are many warning signs normally starts in the first day and many other symptoms are given below –

  • Persistent vomiting
  • Rapid or difficult breathing
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Blood in vomit or urine
  • Fatigue
  • Bleeding from the nose or gums
  • Restlessness

Causes of Dengue – Dengue is caused by one or more types of dengue viruses and is spread through mosquito bites. When a mosquito bites an infected individual with a dengue virus then the virus enters the mosquito. After that, when the infected mosquito bites another individual then the virus enters the bloodstream of the person that causes an infection. When you recovered from dengue fever then you have long-term immunity to this type of virus that infected you but not to the other three types of dengue fever virus. It means that you may infect again by the other three types of dengue fever virus in the future.

Prevention – The main idea to lower the risk of dengue fever is that controlling the mosquito population that is beneficial in preventing mosquito bites to reduce the spread of the dengue virus. There are several other ideas to prevent the spread of dengue in your house or location are discussed below –

  • You should wear protective clothing in mosquito-infected areas to lower the risk of dengue fever.
  • You can decrease or control the population of mosquitoes by emptying containers that hold standing water and cleaning your surroundings.
  • You can also daily clean your home to prevent the spread of dengue fever among family members.
  • You can use the All-Out machine, good night machine, and many others during night that are preventing mosquito bites and lower the risk of dengue fever.
  • You can use mosquito repellant creams which is the most efficient and the best way to prevent the spread of dengue.
  • You can close doors and windows that are covered with mosquito screens that prevent the entrance of mosquitoes in your home.

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