It stands for Human immunodeficiency virus infection and it is mainly spread by unprotected sex contaminated blood transfusions, hypodermic needles, and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. HIV/AIDS is a disease o which is present over a large area and is actively spreading.HIV initiate in west-central Africa in the late 19th or early 20th century. The Unites States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) was firstly recognized the AIDS in 1981 and it is caused by HIV infection which was identified in the early part of the decade.
It stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. The disease AIDS is caused by a virus which weakens the immunity of human body or self defense mechanism. Since the AIDS virus reduces the natural immunity of the human body, therefore the body having AIDS becomes prone to many other infections or diseases. The patients suffering from AIDS actually die from other infections or diseases which attack the body in its greatly weakened state of immunity. This is because the human body cannot resist the disease-causing organisms under those conditions when its natural defense mechanism has been destroyed by the AIDS virus.
How AIDS are spread
The various ways in which the AIDS disease spreads are given below
- The AIDS disease usually spreads through sexual contact with an infected person carrying AIDS virus. So, AIDS is a sexually transmitted viral disease.
- The AIDS disease also spreads through the transfusion of blood infected with AIDS virus.
- The AIDS disease also spreads by using infected needles for injections.
- The children of AIDS infected mother get this disease from mother’s blood.
The AIDS disease has spread in epidemic form (large scale) in Asia and in Western countries. This is because of the undesirable sexual practices, polygamy and polyandry. A few AIDS cases, mostly in foreigners, have also been detected in our country.
There is no medicine or vaccine has been developed so far which can prevent or cure AIDS. So, once a person gets AIDS, he is sure to die in a short span of time.
The best way to avoid AIDS is to adopt clean sex habits and use condom during sex.