Heart Blockage Treatments & Surgeries

Heart blockage – A heart blockage occurs when the electrical impulses which control or maintain the beating of the heart muscles are disrupted. A heart block is also known as AV (Atrioventricular) block that makes your heart beat slowly or may not pump blood effectively.  Generally, electrical signals travel from the upper chambers of a heart (atria) to the lower chambers (ventricles).

The AV (Atrioventricular) node is a collection of cells, which connect the electrical activity as a bridge from the top chambers of the heart to the bottom chambers. If you are suffering from a heart blockage then the electrical signals do not travel via the AV node to the ventricles which results in the heart does not function effectively. 

Heart blockage treatments and surgeries – Heart surgeries are done to prevent or treat heart problems or diseases. Heart surgeries can depend on the heart problem of an individual. Heart blockage surgeries may improve blood flow to the heart which may prevent blockage and heart attack or stroke in the future.

Types of heart treatments and surgeries – There are several types of heart surgeries are discussed below –

  1. Heart valve repair or replacement – In this type of heart surgery, the surgeon repairs the valve or replaces it with a biological valve or artificial valve. There is another option is to insert a catheter via a large blood vessel by inflating and deflating a small balloon at the tip of the catheter for widening a narrow valve.
  2. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) – It is one of the most common heart surgeries. In this type of heart surgery, the doctor takes a healthy vein or artery from elsewhere in the human body which connects it to blood flow past has blocked coronary artery.
  3. Maze Surgery – In this type of heart surgery, a doctor makes a pattern of scar tissue inside the upper chambers of the heart for sending electrical signals along a controlled path to the lower heart chambers of the human body.
  4. Insertion of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or pacemaker – Generally, medicine is the first treatment option for arrhythmia. An arrhythmia is a condition in which the heart beats too slow or too fast or with an irregular rhythm. When medicine does not work then a doctor can implant a pacemaker under the skin of the abdomen or chest through wires which connect it to the heart chambers. A pacemaker uses electrical pulses to maintain or control the rhythm of the heart if a sensor detects an abnormality. An ICD (Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator) works similarly but it sends electric shock for restoring a normal rhythm if it detects a dangerous arrhythmia.

Benefits of heart blockage treatments and surgeries – There are several benefits of heart blockage treatments and surgeries are given below –

  1. It improves survival for people with left ventricular dysfunctions, heart failure, and coronary artery disease.
  2. It improves blood flow to the heart through several heart surgeries that may prevent heart diseases.
  3. It prevents blood clotting which lowers the risk of heart attack or stroke

Preparations required before heart blockage surgeries – You should follow these tips as per the doctor for preparing before heart blockage surgeries are discussed below –

  1. Food and drink – You did not eat or drink before heart blockage surgeries due to Anesthesia being safer on an empty stomach.
  2. Medications – You should stop taking medicines a week or two-day before heart blockage surgery as it may increase bleeding risk which is dangerous for you.
  3. Smoking and Alcohol – You can avoid alcohol and smoking before heart blockage surgeries because it may enhance the risk of complications during heart surgeries.

Risks associated with heart blockage surgeries– There are several risks of heart surgeries are given below –

  1. Stroke
  2. Bleeding
  3. Reactions to anesthesia
  4. Damages to tissues to kidneys, lungs, heart, and liver
  5. Infection
  6. Kidney issues
  7. A heart attack because of a blood clot after surgery

If you are suffering from peripheral artery disease, diabetes, lung or kidney disease then the risk is high.

Heart blockage treatments and surgeries cost in India – The average price of heart surgeries can range from 1,50,000 to 5,50,000 can depend on the heart treatments, types of heart surgeries, government or private hospitals, and fees of doctors.

Success rate of heart blockage treatments and surgeries in India – There is around 98 percent success rate of heart blockage treatment and surgeries in India because surgeons use latest technologies for heart blockage surgeries that increase the success rate of heart surgeries.


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