Nervous System

Nervous system – Nervous or neural system is the most important system of an animal and man. It is a system of highly specialized nerve fibers, nerve cells and organs that coordinate and control the activities of different parts of the body. This is done by converting the internal and external stimuli of environmental changes into the form of electrical impulses and transmits them to other specialized cells to react accordingly.

Image result for nervous system

The highly specialized cells are called Receptors and Effectors respectively. The main function of the nervous system is to collect information about the external conditions of the internal state of the body to analyze the information and to initiate appropriate responses to satisfy certain needs. The nervous system performs two functions such as coordination and integration.

In Vertebrates it is categorized as

  • Central Neural System (CNS) comprising of Brain and Spinal cord
  • Peripheral Neural System (PNS) consisting of mainly nerves which are enclosed bundles of long fibers or Axons that connects the CNS to every part of the body.

Neurons – The basic unit of the Neural System is the individual nerve cell called neurons. Neurons is operate by generating electrical signals which move from one part of the cell to another part of the same cell or to neighboring cells. Human neural system has about 100 billion neurons of which mainly occur in the brain.

Understanding Neurons' Role in the Nervous System

Central Neural System – The brain and spinal cord together form CNS. They are protected by hard bony coverings, the brain by the Cranium and the spinal cord by the Vertebral Column. Both brain and spinal cord are bathed in Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). It carries oxygen and nutrients from the blood to the neurons.

36 Comments Add yours

  1. Let's Cook says:

    This is an interesting article

    Liked by 3 people

  2. aruna3 says:

    Most informational🌷

    Liked by 3 people

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Like

      1. aruna3 says:

        You are most welcome.

        Liked by 1 person

  3. Nawazish says:

    Very informative article even for people not in the science background!!

    Liked by 4 people

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Nawazish says:

        It was my pleasure!!😊😊

        Liked by 1 person

  4. This so easy for people with a non-biology background to follow. kudos to you for explaining it so thoroughly!

    Liked by 4 people

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Liked by 1 person

  5. Amidu Edson says:

    Thank you for sharing this, I have refreshed my memory on biology related to your topic nervous system

    Liked by 1 person

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Like

  6. chapter18 says:

    Very informative. Thanks for posting..

    Liked by 1 person

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Most welcome, thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Like

  7. Dulcy Singh says:

    Thanks for sharing such precise details about nerves system. I am a student it is definitely going to help me. 😊

    Liked by 2 people

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Most welcome, thanks for appreciation and reading my post 😊

      Liked by 1 person

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for visiting my website and reading my post 😊

      Like

  8. Dolly Vas says:

    Really helpful for understanding nervous system.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Like

  9. Dolly Vas says:

    Awsm, I also have some knowledge about nervous system.a reflexive arch is made in spinal cord by nerves that is responsible for reflexive action like , if we touch a hot thing then we drag our hand back many other. Brain doesn’t involve in these actions but it remained alert about the actions. Am I right sir?

    Liked by 1 person

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for sharing important information about nervous system

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Dolly Vas says:

        It is nothing in front of you sir. I like it.🙏

        Liked by 1 person

      2. daneelyunus says:

        Thanks for reading my post

        Like

  10. Singh Lovely says:

    Very nice post 👍😁

    Liked by 1 person

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for appreciation and reading my post 😊

      Like

      1. Singh Lovely says:

        You are most welcome 😊🤗

        Liked by 1 person

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s