The flightless bird, Penguins

The word ‘penguin’ is believed to have come from Latin root PINGUIS which means fat. Penguins are exclusively found in the southern hemisphere that is Antarctica and so are called Antarctic Penguins. The larger penguins are found in more souths in the Antarctic region. There are seventeen species of living penguins which is belonging to the SPHEISCIDRE family in biologic term. Although almost all penguins live in the southern hemisphere, some species are also found in the temperate zone. The GALAPAGOS penguins are found near the equator. Out of seventeenth species, only two species are abundant in continental Antarctica namely ADELIE and EMPEROR.

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It was discovered that earlier the penguins were able to fly also but lost their ability to fly sometimes later when they adapted to living in the sea. Now they are seen running and skiing on their bellies pushed by their flippers. Due to adapted life in the water, their wings have evolved into flippers. It is found that they spend approximately half of their lives on land and the other half in the sea. The penguins are piscivorous and eat only fish, skrilla, squid, and other forms of sea life.

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The penguins are not sexually dimorphic that is males and females look very similar in the size as well as appearance. Penguins are the only bird that molts, that is droop their feathers.

The largest living species is the emperor penguin on average; adults are at around 1.1 m (3 ft 7 in) tall and weigh 35 kg. The smallest penguin species is the little blue penguin which is also known as the fairy penguin, which are at about 40 cm (16 in) tall and weighs 1 kg (2.2 lb). Some ancient species attain enormous size as tall as an adult human.

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The penguins pick small stones by their beaks and make use of these stones while nesting their eggs. They also swallow the stones for grinding the food as well as to dive deeper.

As far as laying eggs is concerned, the female Emperor penguin lays the egg and immediately go for foraging. The papa penguin stays to nest the only egg that its female emperor partner has laid. The papa penguin emperor penguin continues to nest unmoved for months. The egg is incubated for around 65 days. The mommy penguin returns after nine weeks for the egg to hatch

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In a number of penguin species males feed their young chicks with milk that they produce in the oesophagus.  When a baby dies, penguins often kidnap other chicks.

The color of penguin is black and white only. The belly is white and the top is black. Their color pattern let them escape oceanic predators and the birds of prey such as skua.

21 Comments Add yours

  1. happytonic says:

    What a great post! I didn’t know the origin of the word penguin. They are such interesting birds. I have always been fascinated by their incubation process😊 Is that true that they have a special gland to help them get rid of excessive salt they get from water and fish?

    Liked by 5 people

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Liked by 2 people

  2. Great post! I learned a lot about penguins today. One thing I hadn’t realized is that the species used to be a flying one. Very interesting. Thanks for sharing☀️💚☀️

    Liked by 4 people

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Liked by 1 person

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for reblogging

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Sheree says:

    Penguins are adorable though a bit smelly! This is a very interesting post – thanks!

    Liked by 3 people

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Liked by 1 person

  4. words367 says:

    Thanks for sharing such a informative post.♥♥♥

    Liked by 4 people

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Welcome, thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Liked by 1 person

  5. myplace3187 says:

    I learned a lot I did not know about Penguins. I was not aware they flew at one time. Thanks for sharing such an informative blog post !

    Liked by 2 people

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Welcome, thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Liked by 1 person

      1. myplace3187 says:

        You are welcome. Learning about Penguins was a great experience.

        Liked by 1 person

      2. daneelyunus says:

        Yes its was a great experience

        Liked by 1 person

      3. myplace3187 says:

        Looking forward to more posts about the animals that exist with your story attached inside.

        Liked by 1 person

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for appreciation and reading my post

      Liked by 1 person

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