What are the effects of man’s activities on the atmosphere?

The earth’s atmosphere has been keeping a sort of balance between its various constituents over the past billions of years. But the modern human activities such as large scale industrialization, rapid transport systems, changing life styles, and habits like smoking, burning of fossil fuels, and blind deforestation are upsetting the balance of atmosphere.

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The major human activities which pollute the atmosphere are as follows:

Burning of Fuels:

Burning of fuels like coal, wood, and oil produces black smoke causing pollution in the air. Smoke contains poisonous gases like carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide which pollutes the atmosphere.

Exhaust Gases:

The gas emitted by the engines of automobiles such as cars, buses, trucks, etc contain poisonous gases like carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, some lead compounds, and unburnt carbon particles which pollute the air. Motor vehicles are also a major cause of severe air pollution in big cities. The railway engines, ships, and airplanes also pollute the air.

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Chemical Industries:

The chemical industries release several poisonous gases into the atmosphere which pollute air. Similarly industries engaged in the extraction of metals produce sulphur dioxide gas by roasting the sulphide ores of metals like iron, copper and zinc. This sulphur dioxide goes into the air and causes pollution.


Smoking produces carbon monoxide and nicotine which are poisonous chemicals and pollute air.


Dust produced by the heavy traffic and various industrial operations pollute air. The fossil fuels, coal, natural gas and petroleum are carbon compound and they produce carbon dioxide gas which goes into the atmosphere. The cultivation of soil releases large amount of carbon dioxide. It is estimated that carbon dioxide has already increased about 13 percent in the air. Further carbon monoxide produced by incomplete combustion of fossil fuels etc goes into the atmosphere.

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Deforestation is also a human activity which is dangerous. The green plants absorb excess carbon dioxide from the atmosphere for carrying out photosynthesis. New plants should be grown for this purpose.

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Ozone Layer:

Another part of the atmosphere that humans have directly affected is the ozone layer which blocks ultraviolet radiations. The highly useful ozone layer in the upper atmosphere has been threatened by human activities.

18 Comments Add yours

  1. Jyo says:

    Well explained and this is the present situation 👍

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Kranti says:

    Informative post! Well explained 😊

    Liked by 1 person

      1. Kranti says:

        My pleasure 😊

        Liked by 1 person

  3. It really matter of concern, what we are giving to our young generation. Well explained, people should understand what they are doing to mother nature.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for comment and reading my post. If we do not cautious about nature then in future facing heavy floods, drought and strong storm which affects the life of the people


      1. I agree with you, I think it’s time to take strict action from government and people of India.

        Liked by 1 person

      2. daneelyunus says:

        I think that people of our country try to resolve several problems such as reduce population, reduce pollution, and many more without government. Government should also take measures to reduce pollution


      3. I agree, Government need to work on that. But it’s only possible if corruption in politics get over. Corrupt politicians are main reasons for such issues. What you think?

        Liked by 1 person

      4. daneelyunus says:

        Yes corruption is the main reason for not work in our country. Industrialization is also reason of deforestation, air pollution, water pollution and noise pollution

        Liked by 1 person

      5. Yes Indeed. Some strict measures or some strict law only can help now.

        Liked by 1 person

      6. daneelyunus says:

        We also try to reduce population and pollution to help government in resolving such problems. Overpopulation is the mother of the problems. If we reduce population then automatically resolve several problems


      7. daneelyunus says:

        I am very glad to discuss this topic with you


      8. Same here 😇🙏🏻

        Liked by 1 person

  4. Its really alarming that the wellbeing of the only platform which can sustain human life in the entire universe is in trouble and most of us couldn’t care less. Thanks for another enlightening reminder on the need for drastic collective action. Great work Dan.

    Liked by 2 people

    1. daneelyunus says:

      Thanks for appreciation and reading my post


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