Sleep is a state of mind in which body activities decreases to a minimum. The reaction to various stimuli decreases along with the interaction with the surroundings. During sleep, the inner body systems helps to restore immune skeletal, nervous, and muscular systems. system, If people do not have proper sleep then they become ill, their immune system does not work properly,and many other problems do occur. There are many functions performed during sleep.
Improper sleep affects the function of the immune system. Science says that proper sleep increases the number of white blood cells in the body. Proper sleeps also helps to remove metabolic wastes at a fast speed while when a person is awake, it is slow.
Affect on Memory
Proper sleep enhances the memory of a person. Dendrites are the nerve cells that stores what a person learns. If a person do not have proper sleep then it may lead to memory loss.
During sleep people also see dreams and this happens during REM sleep where REM stands for rapid eye movement. The dream can include vision, movements, and many other sensations.
There are many disorders if people do not have proper sleep. Let’s discuss some of them.
Insomnia is a disorder in which people have problems when the need to sleep. Also, staying asleep for long time is also included in it. There are many reasons for this disorder which can be psychological stress, sleep environment, inconsistent sleep schedule, and many others.
People can get rid of this disorder by creating a good sleeping environment. For example, all doors and windows should be covered by curtain to obstruct sunlight and other forms of light, televisions mobiles and other light and sound devices should be put off and many other such things.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is a condition in which there are long pauses in breathing during sleep. The disrupts the sleep and causes many other problems. The problem occurs due to relaxation of airway and blocking the intake of oxygen. Due to this the person wakes up to breathe and then again goes to sleep.
Proper Sleeping Hours
The National Sleep Foundation, Washington D.C. issued its new recommendation on February 2, 2015 for appropriate sleep duration. It is different for each age group. The recommendations are as follows
- New born (0- 3 months) – 14 to 17 hours
- Infants (4- 11 months) – 12 to 15 hours
- Toddlers (1- 2 years) – 11 to 14 hours
- Pre schoolers (3- 5 years) – 10 to 13 hours
- School age children (6- 13 years) – 9 to 11 hours
- Teenagers (14- 17 years) – 8 to 10 hours
- Younger adults (18- 25 years) – 7 to 9 hours
- Adults (26 to 64 years) – 7 to 9 hours
- Old adults (65+ years) – 7 to 8 hours
So as to per above chart, sleep is generally needed to keep the body healthy